Lenses & accessories

Jupiter 12 35mm
This is a Jupiter 12, 35mm f2.8 lens and auxiliary finder. It is an exact copy of the pre war Zeiss Jena Biogon 35mm lens. The J-12 rear element protrudes into the camera body almost touching the shutter curtain. In fact, the lens won't fit some non-Russian Leica screw mount cameras with through-the-lens meters. You have to be very careful mounting the lens not to scratch the element. Many Russians claim the later J12s (black housing) are superior to the earlier models (silver housing.). J-12s usually sell in the $50 to $80 range, depending on condition. Finders are extra.

Jupiter 9 85mm
Like the Jupiter 12, this is a Jupiter 9 85mm f2 lens is an exact copy of a German Zeiss lens. There are very good examples of this lens and a lot of very bad ones. Many of the lenses have been ruined by amateur repair attempts--it's a very complicated lens. A good Jupiter 9 is an excellent portrait lens. An 85mm auxiliary finder or the KMZ turret finder is a must if you want to use this lens on a rangefinder camera. A nice J 9 can bring $100 or more at auction.

Industar 22
The Industar 22 lens is a carbon copy the the German Elmar 50mm f3.5 lens. The I-22 was the standard lens on virtually all Zorki 1 cameras and was used to some degree on all Zorki models except the Zorki 3. It was gradually phased out in favor of the rigid Industar 50 lens (there also was a collapsible model of the I-50 that looks just like the I-22 except for the name). All Zorki I-22s are coated (the prewar FED I-10 copy of the Elmar wasn't). The I-22 is a decent performer and when matched with the Zorki 1 makes very compact unit that is still popular with backpackers.

Jupiter 8
The Jupiter 8 50mm f2 lens is an exact copy of the Zeiss Sonnar lens and is an excellent performer. It first appeared on the Zorki 3 in 1953 and on the rare Zorki 1C with slow shutter speeds. It was the standard lens on Zorki 3s and could be ordered as an extra on later Zorki models. One of its weak points is the lens barrel is aluminum and is easily damaged if dropped--especially the filter threads on the front. The lens takes 40.5 mm filters. Another negative is that aperature ring doesn't have click stops so it is easy to accidently change the setting. The lens was originally available only in a white metal finish but in the 1970s was also made with a black finish.

Jupiter 3
The Jupiter 3 50mm f1.5 lens is the high end of the LTM Soviet lenses. It is a copy of The Zeiss Sonnar 1.5 lens. The Jupiter 3 is much heavier than the Jupiter 8 and appears to have a steel lens barrel instead of aluminum. Like all Russian lenses except the I-61 L/D, however, the J-3 lacks click stops on the f-settings. These lenses are still much in demand and bring anywhere from $50 to about $80. Like the Jupiter 8, it accepts 40.5mm filters. Unfortunately, a lot of the Jupiter 3s look a lot better than they perform. If you fing a sharp one, savor it.
Industar 50
The Industar 50, 50mm f3.5 lens replaced the Industar 22 as the entry level lens on Zorki cameras. The lens formula is virtually identical to the I-22 but the mount doesn't collapse. The I-50 is allegedly sharper that the I-22. It first appeared on Zorki C and 2C cameras and was used on all the later models. A black version became the standard lens on the Zorki 4K. The I-50 also came in a collapsible mount.

Industar 61 LD
The I-61 55mm f2.8 lens was never sold on new Zorkis (it was made for the FED 5) but has a reputation as one of the best Leica thread mount lenses made by the Soviets. It has outstanding sharpness and contrast. The LD it the only Soviet LTM lens with click stops and a rare earth coating that reflects yellow instead of blue when looking at it from the front. It uses the same 40.5mm filters as the Jupiter 8. Although it isn't historically accurate to use the I-61 LD on a Zorki, it's a great shooting lens.

Jupiter 11 f 4 135mm
I have to admit the Jupiter 11, 135mm lens doesn't excite me much. I would say the same thing about the 135mm lenses for Leica and Canon rangefinders. The 135mm lens is awkward on this type of camera, as can be seen from this photo. I believe if you want to work with a telephoto longer than 100mm you are better off using a single-lens reflex camera. A lot of photographers must agree as the 135mm rangefinder lenses are relatively inexpensive -- even the ones made by Leitz for the Leicas. The J11 lens tube is aluminum. You have to be very careful mounting this lens because the focusing collar always protrudes slightly from the rear, even at infinity. This make it easy to misalign it when attempting to thread it onto a body. I believe the lens is more of a collectible than a user.

35mm and 85mm finders
These single focal length finders made by KMZ are handy because they are compact. Negatives include having to change finders whenever you change lenses. These finders do not have parallax adjustment for close ups and the don't clear the shelf in front of the accessory shoe on a FED 2 so they don't work properly on that camera. There finders are relatively inexpense. Cheaper models have all plastic bodies and the more expensive type has a metal shroud around the front window.

Universal turret finder
This finder, which is a copy of an early Zeiss finder, provides proper views for 28mm, 35mm, 85mm and 135mm lenses. It also provides parallax correction at one meter distance. The view in the finder is surrounded sort of a lined grid that makes composition easier--especially for eyeglass wearers. The finder towers over this Zorki 1 but actually is small and light enough that it doesn't affect camera balance. The finder is high enough above the shoe to clear the front shelf on a FED 2. One in excellent condition costs about $50.
  The Soviet camera industry produced several hand-held meters for calculating exposures for their cameras. Most of the Soviet meters are very basic and nothing to brag about (camera sellers sometimes throw in a free meter -- apparently just to get them out of the way). The Soviets apparently never got around to building a small, accessory shoe-mount meter. But manufacturers in several other countries did offer such meters and they work just fine on Russian cameras
  The selenium meters aren't as sensitive and some of the old ones have problems. But it's still possible to find nice working meters. None of the shoe-mount meters are as accurate as the ones built into moden cameras. But they can give the photographer a general idea of the proper exposure settings which is good enough if you are using color print film which has considerable latitude.

Leningrad 2
The Leningrad 2 is a basic selenium cell meter.

Servedorsk 2
This is a CDS spot meter that is set by framing the area to be measured in the finder and turning the calculation wheel until the red light in the finder comes on (or goes off). The problem is that in bright sunlight it is nearly impossible to see the light.

The German Metraphot meter has provision for a booster unit for low light situations. The best feature is the mounting shoe can be moved to a number of different positions to fit a specific camera. Many of the early Metraphots have lost their sensitivity to light, however. This early model only handles film up to ASA 200.

Petri Meter
The Petri meter was designed for the early SLRs manufactured by that Japanese company that didn't have built-in meters. But they work fine on rangefinder cameras. Most of the Petri meters have stood the test of time well and are still operational. They will handle film speeds up to 800. It works well on early Leicas and Leica copies because the operator can still access the shutter speed dial.

Micro Meter
The Micro Meter is one of the most compact shoe-mount meters and has outdoor and limited indoor capability. The weak point is that it hangs over the shutter speed dial on early Leica-type cameras making it nearly impossible to change speeds without removing the meter.
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